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1879 1880 1881 - 1882 - 1883 1884 1885
| Decades: |
1850s 1860s 1870s - 1880s - 1890s 1900s 1910s
Events of 1882
- February 3 – P. T. Barnum purchases the elephant Jumbo.
- March 2 – Roderick Maclean fails to assassinate Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.
- March 20 – British gunboats enter Monrovia, with Arthur Havelock demanding that Liberia cede disputed territory to the British colony of Sierra Leone.
- March 22 – Polygamy is made a felony by the Edmunds Act as passed by the U.S. Congress.
- March 24 – Robert Koch announces the discovery of the bacterium responsible for tuberculosis (Mycobacterium tuberculosis).
- March 28 – Republican Jules Ferry makes primary education in France free, non-clerical (laique) and obligatory.
- March 29 – The Knights of Columbus are established.
- March – Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian claims to be the 'Reformer of Islam' or Majaddid of the Muslim 14th century.
- April 3 – Old West outlaw Jesse James is shot in the back of the head and killed by Robert Ford.
- May 2 – Charles Stewart Parnell is released.
- May 6
- May 20 – The Triple Alliance is formed between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy.
- June 6
- June 11 – The Urabi Revolt breaks out in Egypt against the Khedive and European influence in that country.
- June 28 – Anglo-French Convention of 1882 signed marking territorial boundaries between Guinea and Sierra Leone.
- June 30 – U.S. presidential assassin Charles Guiteau is hanged.
- July 11 – British troops occupy Alexandria and the Suez Canal.
- July 26 – Boers establish the republic of Stellaland in southern Africa.
- July 31 – The Hebrew Moshava of Rishon Le-Zion is founded.
- August 3 – The U.S. Congress passes the 1882 Immigration Act.
- August 5 – Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
- August 20 – Piotr Ilyitch Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture debuts in Moscow.
- September 5 – The first United States Labor Day parade is held in New York City.
- September 13 – 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War: British troops occupy Cairo, and Egypt becomes a British protectorate.
- September 18 – Great Comet of 1882: Her Majesty's Astronomer at the Cape, David Gill, reported watching the comet rise a few minutes before the Sun and described it as "The nucleus was then undoubtedly single, and certainly rather under than over 4″ in diameter; in fact, as I have described it, it resembled very much a star of the 1st magnitude seen by daylight.".
- October 5 – The Society for Ethical Culture of Chicago – (currently the Ethical Humanist Society of Chicago) is founded by Felix Adler.
- October 14 – The University of the Punjab is founded in present day Pakistan.
- October 16 – The Nickel Plate Railroad opens for business.
- November 14 – Franklin Leslie shoots Billy Claiborne dead in the streets of Tombstone, Arizona.
- November 16 – The Royal Navy's HMS Flirt destroys Abari village in Niger.
- December 6 – The last transit of the planet Venus until 2004 occurs.
- January 8 - Anthony Ludovici, English philosopher (d. 1971)
- January 30 - Franklin D. Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States (d. 1945)
- March 29 - John E. Rankin, segregationist congressman from Mississippi (d. 1960)
- June 4 - John Bauer, Swedish painter and illustrator (d. 1918)
- June 10 - Nevile Henderson, British diplomat (d. 1942)
- October 25 - John T. Flynn, American anti-communist author (d. 1964)
- November 15 - Felix Frankfurter, Zionist operative and U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1965)