1864 1865 1866 - 1867 - 1868 1869 1870
1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s
Events of 1867
- January 1 – The John A. Roebling Suspension Bridge opens between Cincinnati, Ohio and Covington, Kentucky, becoming the longest suspension bridge in the world.
- January 8 – African-American men are granted the right to vote in the District of Columbia.
- January 11 – Benito Juárez becomes Mexican president again.
- January 30 – Emperor Kōmei dies. Crown Prince Mutsuhito is expected to become the next emperor of Japan.
- January 31 – Maronite nationalist leader Karam leaves Lebanon aboard a French ship for Algeria.
- February 3 – Shogun Tokugawa Yoshinobu abdicates, and the late Emperor Kōmei's son, Prince Mutsuhito becomes Emperor Meiji of Japan, ending the Late Tokugawa shogunate.
- February 7 – West Virginia University is established in Morgantown, West Virginia.
- February 17 – The first ship passes through the Suez Canal.
- February 19 – Battle of inlon river in Hubei China
- March – The University of Illinois at Urbana/Champaign is established (opened 1 year later).
- March 1 – Nebraska is admitted as the 37th U.S. state.
- March 16 – An article by Joseph Lister, outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery, is first published in The Lancet.
- March 29 – The British North America Act receives royal assent, forming the Dominion of Canada in an event known as the Confederation. This unites the Province of Canada (Quebec and Ontario), New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia as of July 1. Ottawa becomes the capital, and John A. Macdonald becomes the Dominion's first prime minister.
- March 30 – Alaska is purchased for $7.2 million from Alexander II of Russia, about 2 cent/acre ($4.19/km²), by United States Secretary of State William H. Seward. The news media call this "Seward's Folly."
- April 1 – The Strait Settlement of Singapore, formerly ruled from Calcutta, becomes a Crown Colony under the jurisdiction of the Colonial Office in London.
- May 11 – First public performance of Cox and Box by Francis Burnand and Arthur Sullivan at the Adelphi Theatre, London
- May 22 – Queen Victoria signs the British North America Act
- May 29 – The Austro-Hungarian agreement, called Ausgleich in German or kiegyezés in Hungarian ("the Compromise"), is born through Act 12, which establishes the Austro-Hungarian Empire; on June 8 Emperor Francis Joseph is crowned King of Hungary.
- June 15 – The Atlantic Cable Quartz Lode mine is named in Montana.
- June 19 – A firing squad executes Emperor Maximilian of Mexico.
- July 1 – The Dominion of Canada is created by the British North America Act.
- July 2 – The first elevated railroad in the United States begins service in New York.
- July 9 – Queen's Park F.C., the oldest league team in Scotland, is founded.
- July 17 – In Boston, Massachusetts, the Harvard School of Dental Medicine is established as the first dental school in the United States.
- September 2 – Emperor Meiji of Japan marries Empress Shōken (née Masako Ichijō). The Empress consort is thereafter known as Lady Haruko.
- September 4 – The Sheffield Wednesday F.C. is founded at the Adelphi Hotel in Sheffield.
- September 30 – The United States takes control of Midway Island.
- October 21 – Manifest Destiny – Medicine Lodge Treaty: Near Medicine Lodge Creek, Kansas, a landmark treaty is signed by southern Great Plains Indian leaders. The treaty requires Native American Plains tribes to relocate to a reservation in western Oklahoma.
- October 27 – Giuseppe Garibaldi's troops march into Rome.
- November 15 – Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as The Grange).
- November 23 – The so-called Manchester Martyrs are hanged in Manchester, England for the murder of a policeman whilst attempting to rescue two Irish men from jail.
- December 2 – In a New York City theater, British author Charles Dickens gives his first public reading in the United States.
- January 13 - Francis Townsend, 1930s pension plan advocate (d. 1960)
- January 17 - Carl Laemmle, Jewish media mogul and founder of Universal Pictures (d. 1939)