From Metapedia

Jump to: navigation, search
1860 1861 1862 1863 1864

1865 1866 1867 1868 1869

1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s
19th century

The 1860s were an extremely turbulent decade in the world with social and political upheavals in Europe and America. Revolutions were prevalent in Germany and the Ottoman Empire. The abolition of slavery in America led to the breakdown of the Atlantic Slave Trade, which was already suffering from the abolition of slavery in most of Europe in the late 1820s and '30s. In America, a civil war between the Confederacy of the South and the Northern states led to massive deaths and the destruction of cities such as Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, Richmond, Virginia and Atlanta, Georgia. Sherman's march to the sea was one of the first times America experienced a state of total war, and advancements in military technology, such as the iron and steel warships in the Navy, added to the destruction. After the Civil War, turmoil continued in Reconstruction, with the rise of white supremacist organizations like the Ku Klux Klan and the issue of granting Civil Rights to freed blacks.


Events and trends



War, peace and politics

Culture and religion


Literature and Arts

World leaders

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.
Personal tools