1834 1835 1836 - 1837 - 1838 1839 1840
1800s 1810s 1820s - 1830s - 1840s 1850s 1860s
Events of 1837
- January 1 – Galilee earthquake of 1837
- January 26 – Michigan is the 26th state admitted to the United States of America.
- February – Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist begins publication in serial form.
- February 4 – Seminoles attack Fort Foster.
- March 4
- May – Samuel Morse patents the telegraph.
- May 10 – The Panic of 1837 begins in New York City.
- June 5 – The city of Houston, Texas is incorporated by the Republic of Texas.
- June 11 – The Broad Street Riot occurs in Boston, Massachusetts, fueled by ethnic tensions between the Irish and the Yankees.
- June 20 – Queen Victoria accedes to the throne of the United Kingdom.
- July – Charles W. King sets sail on the American merchant ship Morrison. In the Morrison Incident, he is turned away from Japanese ports with cannon fire.
- July 29 – The Spanish government auctions the Catholic Church's property.
- August 16 – The Dutch sack the fortress of Bonjol, ending the Padri War.
- Battle of Aranzueque (September 1837) -Liberal victory for the forces loyal to Queen Isabel II of Spain, end of Carlist campaign known as the Expedición Real - The First Carlist War.
- November 7 – American abolitionist and newspaper editor Elijah Lovejoy is killed by a pro-slavery mob.
- November 8 – Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, later Mount Holyoke College, is founded in South Hadley, Massachusetts.
- November–December – In the Canadas, William Lyon Mackenzie leads the Upper Canada Rebellion and Louis-Joseph Papineau leads the Lower Canada Rebellion.
- December 17 – Fire in the Winter Palace, Saint Petersburg.