1833 1834 1835 - 1836 - 1837 1838 1839
1800s 1810s 1820s - 1830s - 1840s 1850s 1860s
Events of 1836
- January 5 – Davy Crockett arrives in Texas.
- January 12 – HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin reaches Sydney.
- February 23 – The Alamo is surrounded by Santa Anna's army, in a 13-day ordeal.
- February 25 – Samuel Colt receives an American patent for the Colt revolver, the first revolving barrel multishot firearm.
- March 1
- March 6 – The Battle of the Alamo ends; 182 Texans are slaughtered by about 5,000 Mexicans. (Numbers from The World Book Encyclopedia, (C) 1970, U.S.A., Library of Congress catalog card number 70-79247)
- March 17 – Texas abolishes the slave trade.
- March 27 – U.S. Survey of the Coast returned to Treasury Department; renamed U.S. Coastal Survey.
- April 20 – The Territory of Wisconsin is created.
- April 21 – Battle of San Jacinto: Mexican forces under General Santa Anna are defeated at San Jacinto, Texas.
- April 22 – Texas Revolution: A day after the Battle of San Jacinto, forces under Texas General Sam Houston capture Mexican General Antonio López de Santa Anna.
- May 7 – The settlement of Mayagüez, Puerto Rico is elevated to the royal status of villa by the government of Spain.
- May 15 – Francis Baily, during an eclipse of the sun, observes the phenomenon named after him as Baily's beads.
- May 19 – Fort Parker massacre: Among those captured by Native Americans is 9-year-old Cynthia Ann Parker; she later gives birth to a son named Quanah, who becomes the last chief of the Comanche.
- June 15 – Arkansas is the 25th state admitted into the United States of America.
- July 13 – The first numbered U.S. patent #1 (after filing 9,957 unnumbered patents) is granted, for locomotive wheels.
- July 20 – Charles Darwin climbs Green Hill on Ascension Island.
- July 21 – The first Canadian railroad opens, between Laprairie and St. John, Quebec.
- July 27 – Adelaide, South Australia is founded.
- July 30 – The first English newspaper is published in Hawaii.
- August 17 – The HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin leaves South America, headed back to England.
- August 30 – The city of Houston, Texas is founded.
- September 1 – Rebuilding begins at the Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem.
- September 5 – Sam Houston is elected as the first president of the Republic of Texas.
- September 11 – Proclaimed the Rio-Grandense Republic, in South America.
- October 2 – Charles Darwin returns to Britain aboard the HMS Beagle with biological data he will later use to develop his theory of evolution.
- October 22 – Sam Houston is inaugurated as first elected President of the Republic of Texas.
- October 24 – A. Phillips patents the match.
- December 4 – Whig Party holds its first national convention, in Harrisburg, PA.
- December 7 – U.S. presidential election, 1836: Martin Van Buren defeats William Henry Harrison.
- December 15 – The U.S. Patent Office (USPTO) burns in Washington, DC.
- December 26 – The colony of South Australia is officially proclaimed (now celebrated in the state of South Australia as Proclamation Day).
- December 27 – An avalanche at Lewes Sussex, England kills 8 of 15 buried.
- December 28 – Spain recognizes the independence of Mexico.
- December 30 – In Saint Petersburg, the Lehman Theater is caught on fire; 800 people died.