1816 1817 1818 - 1819 - 1820 1821 1822
1780s 1790s 1800s - 1810s - 1820s 1830s 1840s
Events of 1819
- January 2 – The Panic of 1819 (the first major financial crisis in the United States) begins.
- January 17 – Simón Bolívar proclaims the Republic of Gran Colombia.
- January 25 – Thomas Jefferson founds the University of Virginia.
- January 29 – Sir Stamford Raffles lands on the island of Singapore.
- February 2 – The Supreme Court under John Marshall rules in favor of Dartmouth College in the famous Dartmouth College v. Woodward case, allowing Dartmouth to keep its charter and remain a private institution.
- February 6 – A formal treaty between Hussein Shah of Johor and the British Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles establishes a trading settlement in Singapore.
- February 15 – The United States House of Representatives agrees to the Tallmadge Amendment barring slaves from the new state of Missouri (the opening vote in a controversy that leads to the Missouri Compromise).
- February 22 – Spain cedes Florida to the United States (see Adams-Onís Treaty).
- March 1 – The U.S. naval vessel USS Columbus is launched in Washington, DC.
- March 6 – McCulloch v. Maryland: The U.S. Supreme Court rules that the Bank of the United States is constitutional.
- March 20 – Burlington Arcade opens in London.
- May 22 – The SS Savannah leaves port at Savannah, Georgia on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic Ocean. The ship arrives at Liverpool, England on June 20.
- August 6 – Norwich University is founded by Captain Alden Partridge in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
- August 7 – Battle of Boyacá: Simón Bolívar is victorious over the Royalist Army in Colombia.
- August 16 – Peterloo Massacre: The cavalry charges into a crowd of protesters in Manchester, UK, resulting in 11 deaths and over 400 injuries.
- September 20 – The Carlsbad Decree is issued throughout the German Confederation.
- December 14 – Alabama is admitted as the 22nd U.S. state.