1735 1736 1737 - 1738 - 1739 1740 1741
1700s 1710s 1720s - 1730s - 1740s 1750s 1760s
Events of 1738
- February 4 – Court Jew Joseph Suss Oppenheimer is executed in Württemberg.
- April 15 – Serse, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, premieres in London.
- May 24 – John Wesley is converted, essentially launching the Methodist movement; the day is celebrated annually by Methodists as Aldersgate Day.
- Russo–Turkish War (1735–1739): The Russian army fails to cross the Dniester. They are decimated by plague.
- China's Qing government announces that all western businessmen have to use the Cohong in Guangzhou to trade.
- The excavation of Herculaneum, a Roman city buried by Vesuvius in AD 79, begins.
- Stanisław Leszczyński receives Lorraine in exchange for renouncing the Polish throne.
- Pierre Louis Maupertuis publishes Sur la figure de la terre, which 'confirms Newton's view that the earth is a spheroid slightly flattened at the poles'.
- Franz Ketterer invents the cuckoo clock.
- Jacques de Vaucanson presents the world's first automaton, The Flute Player, to the French Academy of Sciences.