1733 1734 1735 - 1736 - 1737 1738 1739
1700s 1710s 1720s - 1730s - 1740s 1750s 1760s
Events of 1736
- January 26 – Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne.
- February 12 – Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor weds Maria Theresa of Austria, ruler of the Habsburg Empire.
- April 14 – The Porteous Riots erupt in Edinburgh after the execution of smuggler Andrew Wilson, when town guard captain John Porteous orders his men to fire at the crowd. Porteous is arrested later.
- May 8 – Frederick, Prince of Wales marries Augusta of Saxe-Gotha.
- May 26 – Battle of Ackia: British troops and Chickasaw Indians defeat French troops.
- June 8 – Leonhard Euler writes to James Stirling, describing the Euler-Maclaurin summation formula. He also solves the mathematical problem known as the seven bridges of Königsberg.
- July – Russo-Turkish War, 1735-1739: Russian forces under Peter Lacy storm the Ottoman fortress of Azov.
- September 7 – An Edinburgh crowd drags John Porteous out of his cell in Tolbooth Prison and lynches him.
- December 7 – Ben Franklin builds the first volunteer fire company in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
- A French expedition led by Pierre Louis Maupertuis is sent by King Louis XV to Lapland to measure the length of a degree of the meridian, and proves that the Earth is flattened at the poles.
- Real Arissona, namesake of the U.S. state Arizona, is founded in what is now that state.
- Isaac Newton's book Method of Fluxions is published.
- Thomas Bayes publishes a defense of Isaac Newton's calculus.
- Neustrelitz becomes the capital of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
- The Genbun era begins in Japan.
- George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney becomes the first Field Marshal of Great Britain.
- Bushehr is founded in Persia.
- The use of a Bathing machine is first recorded.
- The Belgrade fortress is completed.
- The era of Kyōhō Reforms ends in Japan.
- A fire in the Russian city of Saint Petersburg burns 2000 houses.
- Fifty-three houses in the English town of Stony Stratford are consumed by fire.
- Muhammad ibn Abd al Wahhab writes the Kitab at-tawhidt, marking the beginning of Wahhabism.