1700 1701 1702 1703 1704
1680s 1690s - 1700s - 1710s 1720s
The 1700s decade ran from January 1, 1700, to December 31, 1709. It was the first decade of the 18th century.
Politics and wars
- Great Northern War (1700–1721)
- Polish revolt against King Augustus II (1715–1717)
- Camisard Rebellion (1702-1715)
- War of Spanish Succession (1701–1714) - a conflict which involved most of Europe.
Prominent political events
- 1702: Forty-seven Ronin attack Kira Yoshinaka and then commit seppuku in Japan.
- 1704: End of Japan's Genroku period.
- 1707: Act of Union passed merging the Scottish and the English Parliaments, thus establishing The Kingdom of Great Britain.
- 1707: After Aurangzeb's death, the Mughal Empire enters a long decline and the Maratha Empire slowly replaces it.
- 1709: Hotaki dynasty founded in Afghanistan.
- 1709: Charles XII of Sweden flees to Ottoman Empire after Peter I of Russia defeats his army at the Battle of Poltava.
- 1700: The 1700 Cascadia earthquake (magnitude 9) occurs off the coast of the Pacific Northwest; the coast of Japan is struck by a tsunami.
- 1708: The Company of Merchants of London Trading into the East Indies and English Company Trading to the East Indies merged to form the United Company of Merchants of England Trading to the East Indies.
- The Industrial Revolution began.
Additional Significant world-wide events
- Circa 1700: The Bonneville Slide blocked the Columbia River near the site of present-day Cascade Locks, Oregon with a land bridge 200 feet (60 m) high. The river would eventually remove the blockage, but this event would become remembered in the local legends of the Native Americans as the Bridge of the Gods.
- 1701–1702: The Daily Courant and the The Norwich Post becomes the first daily newspapers in England.
- 1702: The first successful English daily, The Daily Courant, was published.
- 1703: Saint Petersburg founded by Peter the Great. Russian capital until 1918.
- 1707: Mount Fuji erupts in Japan.
- 1708–1709: Famine kills one-third of East Prussia's population.
- Great Frost of 1709: Coldest winter in 500 years.
- The Age of Enlightenment – The Western revolution in philosophy began, which would gave birth to Modern political thought and philosophy.
- Antonio Stradivari's 'Golden Period' of violin making began.
- King Frederick IV of Denmark (1699 – 1730).
- King William III of England and Scotland (1689 – 1702).
- Kangxi Emperor 康熙帝 (Elhe taifin) 仁帝 of Qing Dynasty (1661 – 1722).
- Queen Anne of Great Britain (1702 – 1714).
- King Louis XIV of France (1643 – 1715).
- Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1658 – 1705).
- Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor (1705 – 1711).
- Frederick I of Prussia.
- Tsar Peter I of Russia (1682 – 1725).
- King Philip V of Spain (1700 – 1746).
- King Charles XII of Sweden (1697 – 1718).
- Mughal Empire