1696 1697 1698 - 1699 - 1700 1701 1702
1660s 1670s 1680s - 1690s - 1700s 1710s 1720s
Events of 1699
January to June
- January 26 – Treaty of Karlowitz is concluded. The Republic of Venice, Poland and Austria sign a peace treaty with the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Turks cede to Austria all their former territories in Transylvania, Slavonia, Croatia and the whole of Hungary except for the Banat of Temesvar. The Peloponnese and Dalmatia are ceded to Venice. Large parts of the Ukraine are ceded to Poland. The treaty marks a significant stage in the decline of the Ottoman Empire that has dominated eastern Europe since the fall of Constantinople in 1453.
- February 4 – 350 rebellious Streltsi are executed in Moscow.
- March 4 – Jews are expelled from Lübeck, Germany.
- April 13 – The 10th Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh, creates the Khalsa.
- May 1 – Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville founds the first European settlement in the Mississippi River Valley, at Fort Maurepas (Ocean Springs, Mississippi).
- June 11 – England, France and the Netherlands agree on the Treaty of London (also known as the Second Partition Treaty of Spain).
- June 14 – Thomas Savery demonstrates his first steam engine to the Royal Society.
July to December
- July 6 – Pirate Capt. William Kidd is captured in Boston.
- August 25 – Death of Christian V, King of Denmark and Norway since 1670. He is succeeded by Frederick IV (to 1730).
- September 22 – Citizens of Rotterdam strike over the high price of butter.
- November 22 – Treaty of Preobrasjensku: Denmark/Russia/Saksen/Poland divide Sweden.
- December 3 – Baron Jacob Hop is appointed as the treasurer-general of The Hague.
- December 20 – Peter the Great orders the Russian New Year changed from September 1 to January 1.
- William Dampier explores the northwest coast of Australia.
- The Edinburgh Gazette is founded.
- England's Tory government reduces the standing army to 7,000 men who must all be British by birth. This causes friction between Parliament and the King, whose Dutch Guards are deported.
- Billingsgate Fish Market is sanctioned as a permanent institution by Act of Parliament.