1683 1684 1685 - 1686 - 1687 1688 1689
1650s 1660s 1670s - 1680s - 1690s 1700s 1710s
Events of 1686
- July 17 – A meeting takes place at Lüneburg between 'some evangelical Princes and Electors' and representatives of the King of Navarre, the King of Denmark and the Queen of England. The object of this meeting is the formation of an 'evangelical' league of defence against the Catholic League, called the 'Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae'.
- July 22 – New York City and Albany, New York are granted city charters by the colonial governor.
- September 2 – The forces of the Holy League of 1684 liberate Buda from Ottoman Turkish rule (leading to the end of Turkish rule in Hungary during the subsequent years).
- James VII & II tries to persuade Parliament to repeal the Test Acts, which barred Catholics from public office. Having failed, he issues a Declaration of Indulgence, which suspends penal laws against both Catholics and Protestant dissenters. Suspicions about James’ intentions grow as he systematically places Catholics in key positions.
- A group of conspirators meet at Charborough House in Dorset to plan the overthrow of King James and replace him with the Protestant Dutch Stadtholder, William III of Orange-Nassau.
- The League of Augsburg is founded in response to claims made by Louis XIV on the Palatinate in western Germany. It comprises the Holy Roman Empire, the Netherlands, Sweden, Spain and the electors of Bavaria, Saxony and the Palatinate.
- Russia, Saxony, Brandenburg and Bavaria join the Holy League against the Ottoman Turkish Empire. Imperial forces under Austrian leadership invade Ottoman-occupied Hungary and advance on Budapest.
- In Greece, Ottoman-occupied Morea (i.e., the Peloponnese) falls to the Venetians.
- A hurricane saves Charleston, South Carolina, from attack by Spanish vessels.
- The Dominion of New England is formed.
- Statement is made on folio 35 of the dedication of the Naometria to the Duke of Wurttemberg, repeated on folio 122. Cf. A.E. Waite, Brotherhood of the Rosy Cross, London, 1924, pp. 639 ff.