1681 1682 1683 - 1684 - 1685 1686 1687
1650s 1660s 1670s - 1680s - 1690s 1700s 1710s
Events of 1684
- A severe frost in England, starting the previous December, lasted until March. The Thames was frozen in London, and the sea froze in several places around the coast.There was great loss of beast and of wildlife, especially birds. Similar reports from across Northern Europe.
- July 24 – René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle sails from France, again, with a large expedition designed to establish a French colony on the Gulf of Mexico, at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
- October 7 – Japanese Chief Minister Hotta Masatoshi is assassinated, leaving Shogun Tsunayoshi without any adequate advisors, leading him to issue impractical edicts and create hardships for the Japanese people.
- December 10 – Isaac Newton's derivation of Kepler's laws from his theory of gravity, contained in the paper De motu corporum in gyrum, is read to the Royal Society by Edmund Halley.
- France under Louis XIV makes the Truce of Ratisbon separately with the Holy Roman Empire (Habsburg) and Spain.
- Pope Innocent XI forms a Holy League with the Habsburg Empire, Venice and Poland to end the Ottoman Turkish rule in Europe.
- Japanese poet Saikaku composes 23,500 verses in 24 hours at the Sumiyoshi Shrine at Osaka; the scribes cannot keep pace with his dictation and just count the verses.
- The British East India Company receives Chinese permission to build a trading station at Canton. Tea sells in Europe for less than a shilling a pound, but the import duty of 5 shillings makes it too expensive for most English people to afford.
- Smuggled tea is drunk much more than legally imported tea.
- England has its coldest winter in living memory; the River Thames and the sea as far as 2 miles (3.2 km) out from land freezes over.
- John Bunyan writes The Pilgrim's Progress, Part 2.
- The Chipperfield's Circus dynasty begins when James Chipperfield introduces performing animals to England at the River Thames frost fairs on the Thames in London.
- Stratton, J.M. (1969). Agricultural Records. John Baker. ISBN 0-212-97022-4.