1680 1681 1682 - 1683 - 1684 1685 1686
1650s 1660s 1670s - 1680s - 1690s 1700s 1710s
Events of 1683
- April 10 – Charles V the Duke of Lorraine is appointed commander of the Imperial army.
- May 3 – Sultan Mehmed IV enters Belgrade.
- June 6 – The Ashmolean Museum opens as the world's first university museum.
- June 12 – The Rye House Plot to assassinate Charles II of England is discovered.
- July 8 – The Qing Dynasty Chinese admiral Shi Lang leads 300 ships with 20,000 troops out of Tongshan, Fujian and sails towards the Kingdom of Tungning, in modern-day Taiwan and Penghu, in order to quell the kingdom in the name of Qing.
- July 14 – A 140,000-man Ottoman force arrives at Vienna and starts to besiege the city.
- July 16 and July 17 – Battle of Penghu: Qing Chinese admiral Shi Lang defeats the naval forces of Zheng Keshuang in a decisive victory.
- September 5 – The Qing Chinese admiral Shi Lang receives the formal surrender of Zheng Keshuang, ushering in the collapse of the Kingdom of Tungning, which is then incorporated into the Qing Empire.
- September 12 – Battle of Vienna: The Ottoman siege of the city is broken with the arrival of a force of 70,000 Polish, Austrians and Germans under Polish-Lithuanian king Jan III Sobieski, whose cavalry turns their flank (considered to be the turning point in the Ottoman Empire's fortunes).
- October 3 – Shi Lang reaches Taiwan and occupies present day Kaohsiung.
- October 6 – Germantown, Pennsylvania is founded (in 1983 U.S. President Ronald Reagan declares a 300th Year Celebration, and in 1987, it becomes an annual holiday, German-American Day).
- November 1 – The British crown colony of New York is subdivided into 12 counties.
- December – The River Thames freezes, allowing a frost fair to be held.
- Wild boars are hunted to extinction in Britain.