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Events of 1672
- March – The Synod of Jerusalem brings together bishops and representatives from the whole of Eastern Orthodox Christendom to discuss Orthodox dogma against the challenge of Protestantism.
- March 12 – The Kingdom of England declares war on the Dutch Republic.
- March 15 – Charles II of England issues the Royal Declaration of Indulgence.
- April 8 The Kingdom of France declares war on the Dutch Republic.
- May 2 – John Maitland becomes Duke of Lauderdale and Earl of March.
- June 1 – Münster and Cologne begin their invasion of the Dutch Republic. 1672 becomes known as het rampjaar (the disaster year) in the Netherlands.
- June 7 – Battle of Solebay, a sea battle between the Dutch Republic and the joined forces of England and France.
- June 12 – French forces under king Louis XIV cross the Rhine into the Netherlands. Utrecht (city) is occupied by the French Army.
- July 4 – William III of Orange is appointed Stadtholder of Holland, and in Zeeland on the 16th.
- August 20 – Johan de Witt, Grand Pensionary of Holland, is slaughtered by a mob in The Hague.
- September – Raimondo Montecuccoli and the Great Elector assemble at Halberstadt to attack the French and the bishops of Munster and Cologne in their back. Bernard von Galen withdraws from Groningen (city) slowly to the South.
- October – Spain begins construction on the masonry fort that will become Castillo de San Marcos, to protect St. Augustine, Florida.
- October 18 – Treaty of Buchach between Ottoman (Turkish) Empire and Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth