1604 1605 1606 - 1607 - 1608 1609 1610
1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s
Events of 1607
- January 13 – The Bank of Genoa fails after the announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
- January 19 – San Agustin Church in Manila is officially completed; it is currently the oldest church in the Philippines
- January 20 – A massive wave sweeps along the Bristol Channel, possibly a tsunami, killing 2,000 people.
- April 25 – Battle of Gibraltar: A Dutch fleet destroys a Spanish fleet anchored in the Bay of Gibraltar (Battle of Gibraltar).
- April 26 – English colonists make landfall at Cape Henry, Virginia, later moving up the James River to found Jamestown, the first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States.
- May 14 – Jamestown, Virginia, is settled as what would become the first permanent English colony in North America.
- May 15 – Jamestown: Christopher Newport, George Percy, Gabriel Archer, and others travel 6 days exploring along the James River up to the falls and Powhatan's village.
- May 26
- Jamestown: The president directs the fort to be strengthened and armed against the many attacks of the natives: "Hereupon the President was contented the Fort should be pallisadoed, the ordinance mounted, his men armed and exercised, for many were the assaults and Ambuscadoes of the Savages ..." [John Smith, Proceedings (Barbour 1964)]
- 200 armed Indians attack the Jamestown settlement, killing 2 and wounding 10.
- May 28 – Jamestown: The Fort is pallisadoed: "we laboured, pallozadoing our fort" [Gabriel Archer (Arber)].
- June 5 – John Hall marries Susanna, daughter of William Shakespeare.
- June 8 – Newton rebellion: The Tresham landowners family kills 40–50 peasants during protests against the enclosure of common land in Newton, Northamptonshire, UK, at the culmination of the Midland Revolt.
- June 10 – Jamestown: John Smith is released from arrest and sworn in as a member of the colony Council.
- June 15: Jamestown: The triangular fort is completed and armed: "The fifteenth of June we had built and finished our Fort, which was triangle wise, having three Bulwarkes, at every corner, like a halfe Moone, and foure or five pieces of Artillerie mounted in them. We had made our selves sufficiently strong for these Savages. We had also sowne most of our Corne on two Mountaines." [George Percy (Tyler 1952:19)]
- June 22: Christopher Newport sails back to England.
- June 27: Jamestown: The colony bears extreme toil in strengthening the fort [from John Smith, Proceedings (Barbour 1964:210)].
- August 13 – The ship Gift of God of the Plymouth Company arrives at the mouth of the modern-day Kennebec River in Maine. English colonists establish a Fort St. George, also known as the Popham Colony. The settlement lasts little more than a year, before residents return to England in the first ocean going ship built in the New World, a 30-ton pinnace called The Virginia.
- September 14 – Flight of the Earls: Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, and Rory O'Donnell, 1st Earl of Tyrconnell, leave Ireland with 90 followers, never to return.
- September 10: Jamestown: President Wingfield is deposed, and then Ratcliffe is elected.
- December – Jamestown: In early December, John Smith is captured by Opechancanough.
- Spain is effectively bankrupt.
- The British national anthem, God Save the King, is first sung.
- The rule of Andorra passes jointly to the king of France and the Bishop of Urgell.
- Yaqob is defeated in battle and deposed by his cousin Susenyos, who then becomes Emperor of Ethiopia.
- In the Midland Revolt against Enclosure, the term Levellers is first used.
- Missionary Juan Fonte establishes the first Jesuit mission among the Tarahumara, in the Sierra Madre Mountains of Northwest Mexico.