1602 1603 1604 - 1605 - 1606 1607 1608
1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s
Events of 1605
- April 1 – Pope Leo XI succeeds Pope Clement VIII as the 232nd pope.
- April 13 – Tsar Boris Godunov dies; Feodor II accedes to the Russian throne.
- April 16 – In England, John Winthrop, later governor of the future Massachusetts Bay Colony, marries his first wife (of 4), Mary Forth, daughter of John Forth, of Great Stambridge, Essex.
- May 16 – Pope Paul V succeeds Pope Leo XI as the 233rd pope.
- June 1 – Russian troops in Moscow imprison Feodor II and his mother, later executing them.
- June 20 – Pretender Dmitri and his supporters march to Moscow; he is crowned the next month.
- July 21 – Pretender Dmitri is officially crowned Tsar Dmitri II.
- September 27 – Battle of Kircholm: Swedish armies are defeated by the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
- October – In Strassburg, the world's first newspaper is published by Johann Carolus.
- October 27 – Spanish troops of General Spinola occupy Wachtendonk.
- November 3 – Jahangir begins his 22-year reign of the Mughal Empire.
- November 5 – Gunpowder Plot: A plot by to blow up the English Houses of Parliament is foiled when Sir Thomas Knyvet, a justice of the peace, finds Guy Fawkes in a cellar below the Parliament building and orders a search of the area (records show 36 barrels of gunpowder were found, and Fawkes was arrested for trying to kill King James I of England and the members who were scheduled to sit together in Parliament the next day).
- Polish troops occupy Moscow.
- The first half of Miguel de Cervantes's Don Quixote is published.
- Pope Leo XI is elected, but dies before the year is out.
- Tokugawa Ieyasu abdicates as shogun of Japan, becoming Ogosho. His son Tokugawa Hidetada succeeds him to the office.
- Crew of the Olive become the first British visitors to Barbados.
- French Huguenot refugees settle in Dublin and Waterford.
- De Nieuwe Tijdinghen, a Dutch proto-newspaper, is published.
- Central Mexico's Amerindian population reaches 1 million.