1600 1601 1602 - 1603 - 1604 1605 1606
1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s
Events of 1603
- February 25 – Portuguese ship Santa Catarina was seized by Dutch East India Company ships off Singapore.
- March – Samuel de Champlain, French explorer, sails to Canada.
- March 24 – Elizabeth I of England dies at Richmond Palace and is succeeded by her cousin's grandson, King James VI of Scotland, uniting the crowns of Scotland and England.
- April 28 – The funeral of Elizabeth I of England is held in Westminster Abbey.
- July 17 or July 19 – Sir Walter Raleigh is arrested for treason.
- July 25 – James I of England is crowned.
- August – Samuel de Champlain returns to France.
- November 17 – Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial for treason in the converted Great Hall of Winchester Castle.
- December 22 – Sultan Mehmed III of the Ottoman Empire dies, and is succeeded by his son Ahmed I.
- Johann Bayer's Uranometria, an atlas of the southern sky, is published.
- Tokugawa Ieyasu is granted the title of shogun from Emperor Go-Yozei of Japan, and establishes the Edo or Tokugawa Shogunate in Edo, Japan. This ends the Azuchi-Momoyama period and begins the Edo period.
- The Accademia dei Lincei is founded.
- Huguenot Pierre de Gua is granted royal permission to settle in North America.
- A rebellion breaks out in Transylvania.
- The Black Death breaks out in England.
- The English crush the Irish rebellion; Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone surrenders.
- Famine in Russia
- Yaqob is deposed as Emperor of Ethiopia by Za Sellase, who appoints his cousin Za Dengel to replace him.
- The earliest of eight companies that would eventually merge to form the Kikkoman Corporation, the ubiquitous producers of soy sauce, is founded in Japan.