1597 1598 1599 - 1600 - 1601 1602 1603
1570s 1580s 1590s - 1600s - 1610s 1620s 1630s
Events of 1600
- January 1 – Scotland adopts January 1 as New Year's Day.
- February 17 – Giordano Bruno is burned at the stake for heresy in Rome.
- February 19 – Huaynaputina volcano undergoes a catastrophic eruption, the worst to be recorded in South America.
- May 6 – Prince Sigismund Bathory of Transylvania loses the city of Suceava to the Voivode Michael the Brave of Wallachia, during the internecine conflict in Hungary and the Danubian Principalities. For the first time, Transylvania, Moldavia, and Wallachia became one country (the actual Romania). However, the union ends one year later when Michael the Brave is killed.
- July 2 – Battle of Nieuwpoort: Dutch forces under Maurice of Nassau defeat Spanish forces under Archduke Albert of Austria in a battle on the coastal dunes.
- July 10 – Tycho observes a solar eclipse from Benatký. Shortly afterwards, he moves to Prague.
- July – Astronomer Longomontanus arrives in Prague, where he works with the Moon orbital theory; he brings the rest of Tycho's astronomical instruments with him. (All arrive by November 10).
- October – Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, shows the first signs of his growing mental instability.
- October 6 – Jacopo Peri's Euridice, the earliest surviving opera, is premiered in Florence.
- October 8 – San Marino gains its written constitution.
- October 21 – Battle of Sekigahara in Japan: Tokugawa Ieyasu and his allies defeats Ishida Mitsunari and his allies, setting the stage for the rule of the Tokugawa shogunate. This ends the Azuchi-Momoyama period and begins the Edo period.
- December 14 – The Spanish galleon San Diego is sunk off the Philippines.
- December 31 – A Royal charter incorporates the English East India Company in London.
- Sumo wrestling becomes a professional sport in Japan.
- William Shakespeare's A Midsummer Night's Dream is first performed and his play The Merchant of Venice is published.
- William Gilbert publishes De Magnete, which describes the Earth's magnetic field and is the beginning of modern Geomagnetism.
- Fabritio Caroso's Nobiltà de dame is published.
- Ulster chieftains, with the lead of Hugh O'Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, resist the English reconquest of Ireland.
- A Persian embassy arrives in Prague and meets with Rudolf II.