1595 1596 1597 - 1598 - 1599 1600 1601
1560s 1570s 1580s - 1590s - 1600s 1610s 1620s
Events of 1598
- January 7 – Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia, following the death of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I; the Time of Troubles starts.
- April 13 – Edict of Nantes: Henry IV of France grants French Huguenots equal rights with Catholics; this is considered the end of the French Wars of Religion.
- April 30 – Spanish conquistador Don Juan de Oñate holds America's first Thanksgiving celebration
- May – Tycho Brahe's star catalogue listing the positions of 1,004 stars is published.
- May 2 – The Peace of Vervins ends the war between France and Spain.
- August – Battle of the Yellow Ford: The Irish rebellion against English rule gains a victory.
- September 25 – Battle of Stångebro: The Catholic King Sigismund of Sweden and Poland is defeated in his attempt to resume control of Sweden by the Protestant forces of his uncle, Charles Albert. Sigismund is deposed shortly thereafter.
- November 19 – (lunar calendar) Battle of Noryang Point: The China and Korean Allied Forces defeat the Japanese navy, ending the Seven-Year War.
- December 16 – Battle of Noryang Point: The China and Korean Allied Forces are victorious over Japan.
- December 21 – Battle of Curalaba: The revolting Mapuche, led by cacique Pelentaru, inflict a major defeat on Spaniards troops in southern Chile; all Spanish cities south of the Biobio river are eventually taken by the Mapuches, and all conquest of Mapuche territories by Europeans practically ceases, until the 1870s "Pacification of Araucania".
- Philosopher Tommaso Campanella organizes an uprising in Calabria against the rule of the Spanish viceroy; he is captured and sentenced to 27 years in jail.
- The Parliament of England passes an act that allows transportation of convicts to colonies.
- Illustrations of Ottoman Turkish and European riflemen, with detailed illustrations of their firearms, appear in Zhao Shizhen's book Shenqipu in this year, during the Ming Dynasty of China.
- Philip III of Spain starts to rule.
- After being separated from their fleet, 3 Dutch ships discover an island and name it Mauritius, after Maurice of Nassau.