1560 1561 1562 1563 1564
1540s 1550s - 1560s - 1570s 1580s
The 1560s decade ran from January 1, 1560, to December 31, 1569.
Events and trends
- The first, second and third French Wars of Religion were fought between Catholics and Protestants as part of the fallout from the Reformation.
- In 1565, the city of St. Augustine was founded by the Spanish admiral Pedro Menéndez de Avilés on August 28 in modern-day Florida. The city would become the oldest continually occupied European settlement in the continental United States.
- In 1566, widespread Protestant iconoclasm in the Netherlands led to the start of the Eighty Years' War.
- In 1569, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was founded.
- Suzanne Erkur managed the imperial silver mint at Kutna Hora in Bohemia.
- The sweet potato first entered China from the New World of the Spanish Americas; it would come to replace rice as the major staple crop of the poor in China, and would carry a culturally negative association with poverty up until the Communist era.