1557 1558 1559 - 1560 - 1561 1562 1563
1530s 1540s 1550s - 1560s - 1570s 1580s 1590s
Events of 1560
- February 27 – The Treaty of Berwick, which expels the French from the Kingdom of Scotland, is signed by the Kingdom of England and the Congregation of Scotland.
- April 15 – Denmark buys the Estonian island of Saaremaa from its last prince bishop.
- June 12 – Battle of Okehazama: Oda Nobunaga defeats Imagawa Yoshimoto.
- July 6 – The Treaty of Edinburgh is signed between England, France and Scotland. The French withdraw from Scotland. This largely ends the Auld Alliance between France and Scotland, and ends the wars between England and its northern neighbour.
- August 2 – Livonian War: Russians defeat the Livonian Brothers of the Sword in the Battle of Ergeme, precipitating the dissolution of the order.
- August 17 – The Roman Church is overthrown and Protestantism is established as the national religion in Scotland.
- September 29 – Eric XIV becomes king of Sweden upon the death of his father Gustav Vasa.
- December 6 – Charles IX (of France) succeeds his elder brother, Francis II, at the age of nine.
- The first tulip bulb is brought from Turkey to the Netherlands.
- Solihull School is founded in Solihull, West Midlands.
- Jean Nicot introduces tobacco in the form of snuff to the French court.
- The oldest surviving violin (dated inside), known as the Charles IX, is made in Cremona, in northern Italy.
- The great age of piracy in the Caribbean starts around this time.
- Bairam Khan loses power in the Mughal Empire.
- Mongols invade and occupy Qinghai.
- A tree is uprooted by a storm in England, and a black substance quickly recognized as being easy to write with is found. We know it today as graphite, every pencil's best friend.