1555 1556 1557 - 1558 - 1559 1560 1561
1520s 1530s 1540s - 1550s - 1560s 1570s 1580s
Events of 1558
- January 7 – French troops led by Francis, Duke of Guise take Calais, the last continental possession of the Kingdom of England
- January 9 – Geneva becomes independent from the Canton of Bern.
- January 22 – Beginning of the Livonian War.
- February 2 – The University of Jena is founded in Thuringia, Germany.
- February 5 – during the Arauco War, Pedro de Avendaño with sixty men capture Caupolicán, the Mapuche Gran Toqui leading their first revolt against the Spanish Empire, nearby Antihuala encamped with a small band of followers.
- July 13 – Battle of Gravelines: In France, Spanish forces led by Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces of Marshal Paul des Thermes at Gravelines.
- July 18 – The city of Tartu, capital of the Bishopric of Dorpat, now in Estonia, surrenders to Russia.
- April 24 – Mary, Queen of Scots, marries Francis II of France.
- November 17 – The Elizabethan era begins: Queen Mary I of England dies and is succeeded by her younger half-sister Elizabeth.
- Tobacco comes to France.
- Queen Elizabeth grants rest and refreshment to pilgrims and travellers who pass by the Holy Well Spring, Malvern 1558
- The term Soda was coined.