1548 1549 1550 - 1551 - 1552 1553 1554
1520s 1530s 1540s - 1550s - 1560s 1570s 1580s
Events of 1551
- January 11 – Ketumati, Burma is conquered by Bayinnaung.
- January – February – Macarius, Metropolitan of Moscow, and Tsar Ivan IV of Russia preside over the Stoglav (Hundred-Chapter) church council.
- July – Ottomans and Barbary pirates invade the Mediterranean Island of Gozo, enslaving all inhabitants (est. at 5,000 to 6,000), and transporting them to Tarhuna Wa Msalata.
- Russia – Reforming Synod of the Metropolitan Makary: A calendar of the saints and an ecclesiastical law code (Stoglav) are introduced.
- The fifth outbreak of sweating sickness occurs in England. John Caius of Shrewsbury writes the first full contemporary account of the symptoms of the disease.
- The National University of Saint Mark is founded in Lima, Peru.
- The Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico is founded in Mexico City.
- Persian forces raid and destroy the cave monastery of Vardzia in Georgia (country).
- The Ottomans capture Tripoli.
- In Slovakia, Guta (currently Kolárovo) receives town status.
- Juan de Betanzos begins to write "Narrative of the Incas".
- In Henan province, China, during the Ming Dynasty, a severe frost in the spring destroys the winter wheat crop. Torrential rains in mid summer cause massive flooding of farmland and villages (by some accounts submerged in a meter of water). In the fall a large tornado demolishes houses and flattens much of the buckwheat in the fields. Famine victims either flee, starve, or resort to cannibalism. This follows a series of natural disasters in Henan in the years 1528, 1531, 1539, and 1545.
- Portuguese founds a sugar colony at Bahia.