UK Independence Party
The UK Independence Party (UKIP) is a British political party that is, as its main issue, opposed to membership of the United Kingdom in the European Union. It describes itself as (right-wing) libertarian. Thatcherism has been an influence on the party.
The party was founded in 1991. It has continually received increasing support. In the 2014 election to the European Parliament it received 27.5% of the votes. In the 2015 general election it received 12.6% of the votes. In the 2016 referendum on the EU membership of the United Kingdom, the so-called "Brexit" campaign supported by the party was successful.
The party is perceived as anti-mass immigration which has contributed to its popularity. UKIP or individual UKIP member are sometimes attacked for less politically correct views on issues such as on mass immigration, multiculturalism, or Islamisation. Others have instead criticized the UKIP for reasons such as attacking immigration from within the EU, but not immigration from outside of the EU, or even being in favor of non-EU immigration. The effectiveness of UKIP proposals has also been questioned. See the "External links" section.