Robert Douglas Stuart, Jr.
Stuart was born in Winnetka, Illinois on April 26, 1916, the son of R. Douglas Stuart. His grandfather, Robert Stuart was one of the founders of the Quaker Oats Company. He was educated at Princeton University, graduating with a B.A. in 1937. After graduation he traveled in Europe and the following year entered Yale Law School.
On September 4, 1940, while a law student, Stuart organized the America First Committee to support enforcement of the Neutrality Acts of 1930s and to oppose United States intervention in World War II. Other students who joined Stuart's committee included Gerald Ford, Sargent Shriver, and Potter Stewart. The America First Committee asked Robert E. Wood, chairman of Sears, Roebuck and Company, to become their leader. They later asked Charles Lindbergh to serve as their spokesman. At its height, the America First Committee may have had as many as 800,000 members in 650 chapters. The America First Committee was disbanded shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
After law school, Stuart joined the Quaker Oats Company, where he would work for 38 years. He was chief executive officer of the company from 1966 to 1981, first as president, and later as chairman of the board. Stuart's time as CEO was notable for diversifying the company, most notably in 1969 when the Quaker Oats Company acquired toy manufacturer Fisher-Price. During his time as CEO, revenues grew from $500 million to $2 billion.
Stuart was active in the Republican Party. From 1964 to 1972, he was the Illinois member on the Republican National Committee. He was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Illinois in 1968 and 1972. He was also active in the Boy Scouts of America and the Chicago Urban League.
In 1984, President of the United States Ronald Reagan named Stuart United States Ambassador to Norway; Ambassador Stuart presented his credentials on October 16, 1984 and would serve as ambassador until July 17, 1989.
He was a member of the Base Realignment and Closure Commission in 1991 and 1993 (having been appointed to the 1991 commission by President George H. W. Bush and the 1993 commission by President Bill Clinton. He served on the Board of the National Commission on the Public Service, chaired by Paul Volcker, which produced the Volcker Report in 2003.
- Making a Difference: Memoirs of a Lucky Man (unpublished)
- "Robert Stuart Jr., 98, Quaker Oats Chief and War Foe in 1940, Dies", The New York Times, May 20, 2014
- Robert Douglas Stuart, Jr. at 90 years
- Profile from the Council of American Ambassadors
Mark Evans Austad
|United States Ambassador to Norway|
October 16, 1984 – July 17, 1989
| Succeeded by|
Loret Miller Ruppe