Oswald Pohl (30 June 1892 – 8 June 1951) was a senior SS officer during World War II. He was involved in the administration of the Holocaust camps as head of the SS Main Economic and Administrative Office (WVHA).
Pohl was one of the highest ranking SS officers during the Nuremberg trials (formally Ernst Kaltenbrunner was equal in rank to Pohl within the SS hierarchy). As he first avoided capture he was not tried during the main International Military Tribunal but at one of the later Nuremberg Military Tribunals (the "Pohl trial").
The revisionist Mark Weber has written that "One of the most important and revealing Nuremberg cases is that of Oswald Pohl, the wartime head of the vast SS agency (WVHA) that ran the German concentration camps. After his capture in 1946, he was taken to Nenndorf where British soldiers tied him to a chair and beat him unconscious. He lost two teeth in repeated beatings. /89 He was then transferred to Nuremberg, where American military officials intensively interrogated him for more than half a year in sessions that lasted for hours. Altogether there were about 70 such sessions. During this period he had no access to an attorney or any other help. He was never formally charged with anything, nor even told precisely why he was being interrogated. In a statement written after he was sentenced to death at Nuremberg in November 1947 by the American military court ("Concentration Camp" Case No. 4), Pohl described his treatment."
Pohl stated that he was forced to sign false and self-incriminating affidavits written by prosecution officials that were later used against him in his own trial, that numerous false witnesses were used, and other severe problems with the trials.
Pohl in an affidavit allegedly accused Walther Funk of crimes. The revisionist Carlos Porter writes on Funk that "Also given short shrift was the ridiculous Oswald Pohl affidavit, Document 4045-PS, in which Funk was accused of discussing the use of gold teeth from dead Jews to finance the war at a dinner party attended by dozens of people, including waiters (XVIII 220-263 [245-291]). This affidavit is in German and is witnessed by Robert Kempner. Pohl was later convicted of "steaming" people to death in 10 "steam chambers" at Treblinka, and making doormats out of their hair (NMT IV 1119-1152) (Fourth National Military Tribunal, Nuremberg)."
The Gerstein Report was "extensively quoted in the Pohl Trial, where it was "proven" that Treblinka had 10 'gas chambers' (1553-PS) and 10 'steam chambers' (3311-PS) in the same camp at the same time."
For 33 years I had served by country without dishonor, and I was unconscious of any crime.
It was obvious during the Dachau trials, and it also came out unmistakably and only poorly disguised during the Nuremberg trials, that the prosecution authorities, among whom Jews predominated, were driven by blind hatred and obvious lust for revenge. Their goal was not the search for truth but rather the annihilation of as many adversaries as possible.