Pan-European nationalism

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Pan-European nationalism is an ambiguous concept that exists in both more politically correct and less politically correct forms.

In a more politically correct form it is a variant of civic nationalism and may support politically correct European integration projects such as the European Union.

In a less politically correct form it is based on ethnic/racial nationalism such as White nationalism.

Contents

History

The idea that Europe should be more or less united politically has been present in European culture since at least the Middle Ages (the Roman Empire was possibly an ancestor of the view).

Masonic variations

Some of the 19th-century nationalists were supporters of a form of European unity. The Italian nationalist Giuseppe Mazzini, the founder of Young Italy and an inspiration for Young Ireland, also founded an association called Young Europe in 1834. (Mazzini sought no European state: he saw Europe as inherently composed of nations). The International Paneuropean Union or 'Paneuropean Movement' was founded in 1923 by the freemason Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi. It survived the Second World War, and had some influence on the formation of the European Economic Community.

National variations

Towards the end of the Second World War, National Socialist Germany emphasised the 'European' nature of the struggle against the Jewish-Bolshevik forces of the Soviet Union.

After the war, the Swede Per Engdahl created a European Social Movement (with the same name as a small French collaborationist party, founded in 1942 by Pierre Costantini) alongside Maurice Bardèche. A more extremist splinter group, the New European Order, would also emerge under Switzerland's Gaston Armand Amaudruz

Shortly afterwards Francis Parker Yockey, an American, created the European Liberation Front which promoted the Idea of Europe as State expressed in his monumental work Imperium. The European Popular Movement was created at the end of 1950s by Otto Strasser.

In 1960, parallel to the foundation of Jeune Europe by Jean Thiriart, the latter, with Otto Strasser and Oswald Mosley, briefly created the National Party of Europe. Mosley promoted European Nationalism with his Europe a Nation campaign, and through his (British) Union Movement. Jeune Europe disappeared in 1969. It was succeeded by several pan-European movements of less importance, such as Comité de liaison des européens révolutionnaires and the European Liberation Front (the second organisation with this name).

Current groups

In France, pan-European nationalism is represented by the Bloc Identitaire. Another French organisation is the Réseau Radical. In Belgium the principal European-nationalist organisation is the group Synergies européennes led by the college lecturer Robert Steuckers. It is considered part of the New Right.

Variations

Eurosiberia

A closely connected idea to National Pan-Europeanism is the idea of Eurosiberia (sometimes called Eurasianism): that is to say, Europe as traditionally understood, but also including the post-Soviet Russia. These ideas began to be formed while the Soviet Empire still existed and is based primarily on the idea that the United States is the greatest threat to Europe and that the Russian spirit is the only one still capable of overcoming liberalism and freeing Europe in the process. Within the old National Party of Europe during the 1960s, Jean Thiriart would go on to found the Parti Communautaire Européen holding this view, as well as with his later group Parti Communautaire National-Européen. With the rise of Vladimir Putin in Russia, it is not only National Bolsheviks who hold this view, but parts of the New Right, such as Guillaume Faye.

See also

External links

General

Articles

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.
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