Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (7 October 1900 - 23 May 1945) was Reichsführer (leader) of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS).
He was known to have good organizational skills and for selecting highly competent subordinates. As being in charge of and organizing many aspects of internal NSDAP and German security he was involved in many of the most controversial and debated aspects of National Socialist Germany.
Conventional and politically correct descriptions of Himmler's life are easily found in numerous online sources. This article will instead describe some less politically correct views on Himmler.
Himmler and the occult
Himmler was raised a Catholic but became interested in ancient German/Aryan history and mythology as well as occultism. He therefore supported the Ahnenerbe institute. Eventually Himmler publicly left the Catholic Church in 1936.
See also National Socialism and occultism.
Himmler and the Holocaust
Karl Wolff and Richard Schulze-Kossens
Karl Wolff was Chief of Personal Staff of Heinrich Himmler and SS Liaison Officer to Hitler. Wolff after the war stated that he had never, during the entire length of the war, been informed of the Holocaust.
David Irving has stated that "On June 9, 1977, I planted Hitler's personal adjutant Richard Schulze-Kossens (you can see him in the background at the Kremlin signing of the Ribbentrop-Stalin pact in August 1939) in the London audience of the live David Frost Programme, and invited this former S.S. colonel, when I was challenged on this point, to stand and tell the multi-million television audience just that: that from 1942-1944 he had been charged by Hitler to attend every single conference, even the most secret ones alone with Heinrich Himmler, and that not once had any extermination of the Jews been discussed or even mentioned in these conclaves."
Alleged statements by Himmler on the Holocaust
Himmler was interviewed on 20 April 1945 by Norbert Masur, a representative of the World Jewish Congress. Himmler rejected the genocide allegations and stated that "in order to put a stop to the epidemics, we were forced to burn the bodies of incalculable numbers of people who had been destroyed by disease. We were therefore forced to build crematoria, and on this account they are knotting a noose for us." He also stated that he punished the guilty if atrocities occurred in the camps (see Konrad Morgen). On the Einsatzgruppen: "The war at the eastern front made the most difficult demands on our soldiers. A terrible climate, never ending distances, an enemy population, and constantly appearing partisans. Only by being harsh could the troops prevail. Because of this, they were forced to destroy whole villages, if there was resistance and shooting from such a village. The Russians are not ordinary enemies, we cannot understand their mentality. In the most hopeless situations, they would refuse to capitulate. If, because of these difficulties in the east, the Jewish people suffered great casualties, one needs to remember that the German people also suffered severely."
Somewhat earlier, on 15 January 1945, Himmler met the former Swiss President Jean Marie Musy (who was there at the behest of the Americans) in order to continue earlier discussions on Jewish issues. In a note on this meeting Himmler wrote "I again put forth my position to him. We assign the Jews to labor and that, of course, includes hard work such as the building of roads and canals, mining, and there they have a high mortality rate. Since the start of discussions on improving the Jews’ lot, they have been employed in normal work, but it goes without saying that they must, like all Germans, work in armaments production. Our view on the Jewish question is as follows: the position taken by America and England regarding the Jews does not interest us in any way. What is clear is that we do not want to have them in Germany and in the German living space, given the decades of experience since the [First] World War, and we shall not join in any discussion on the matter. If America wants to take them, we are glad of it. But it must be ruled out, and here a guarantee will have to be given to us, that the Jews whom we allow to leave [continental Europe] via Switzerland can ever be sent back to Palestine. We know that the Arabs, just as much as we Germans, reject the Jews and we do not want to partake in such an indecency as the sending of more Jews to that poor nation tormented by the Jews."
See the article World War II statements argued to support Holocaust revisionism and several argued to be incompatible with the politically correct view on the Holocaust:
- 18 September 1941
- 23 November 1942
- 5 July 1943
- 18 November 1943
In 2014, a recently released cache of letters, photos, and diaries belonging to Himmler revealed that he never mentioned the Holocaust to his wife despite she sharing his dislike of Jews. The German newspaper Die Welt wrote that "There was no word about the countless crimes in which he was involved as Reichsführer-SS. Not a word about the persecution and murder of approximately six million Jews."
There is a brief handwritten note by Himmler on a meeting with Hitler on 18 December 1941. It included several very brief jotted down words and phrases that, among others, included "Judenfrage" ("Jewish question") and "als Partisanen auszurotten". Regarding the translation of "auszurotten" (literally "rooting out") see Meanings and translations of German words and Holocaust revisionism. Even if assuming that the two scribblings refer to the same topic, this may refer to a discussion on Jews being "rooted out" in order to be placed in camps/ghettos as alleged possible partisans or partisan supporters, similarly to how the British placed the Boer population in concentration camps in order to prevent them from supporting Boer partisans during the Second Boer War. See Holocaust motivations.
There are also very brief, jotted down handwritten phrases in a note by Himmler on a telephone conversation with Reinhard Heydrich dated 30 November 1941. It included the phrases "Incarceration Dr. Jekelius", "Alleged son Molotov", "Jewish transport from Berlin", and "No liquidation". The meaning of this note was discussed at the Irving-Lipstadt trial with Irving arguing that this indicated an order from Hitler to Himmler to stop killing Jews in general. The judge and politically correct historians in general interpret it instead as referring to an order to not kill the Jews on a particular transport from Berlin to Riga. Another interpretation is that another document on Jews deported to Riga stated that Jews with infectious diseases were in rare cases killed and that Himmler's note may refer to an order to stop such killings. Yet another interpretation is that "liquidate" does not necessarily mean killing (see Meanings and translations of German words and Holocaust revisionism). Thus, the note may refer to Himmler ordering Heydrich that a transport or transports of Jews should not to be canceled with Heydrich known to be stressing that military needs for transportation must take priority over deporting Jews. Another possibility is that the note was referring to earlier (but now solved) problems with Riga as destination with these problems known to have caused earlier transports to Riga to have been diverted elsewhere.
See Einsatzgruppen: 29 December 1942 report regarding an often cited alleged report from Himmler to Hitler on Einsatzgruppen killings.
See Einsatzgruppen: 1 August 1941 order regarding an alleged Himmler order involving killing Jews in the Pripet Marshes.
See Lebensraum: Alleged Himmler order to exterminate all Poles on an alleged order to exterminate all Poles.
Statements (allegedly) made by others may by wrongly attributed to Himmler for greater effect, such as an alleged draft containing a statement on a "Brack remedy" for Jews who were not capable of work and which was allegedly initialed by Alfred Wetzel (see the article on Wetzel).
In addition, there are claims involving Himmler allegedly made by various individuals. See the articles on:
- Arthur Greiser (on an alleged proposed killing of incurably sick Poles with tuberculosis).
- Felix Kersten (on Himmler allegedly making confessions to his masseur).
- Kurt Becher (on an alleged Himmler order to stop the extermination of Jews).
- Otto Thierack (on Himmler allegedly being involved in an "extermination through labor" policy).
- Rudolf Höss (on Himmler allegedly personally witnessing a homicidal gassing at Auschwitz).
Himmler allegedly committed suicide by using a cyanide pill after being captured.
This has been questioned with the suggestion that Himmler was murdered. One example is the revisionist Arthur Butz who have stated that "It is most unfortunate that Himmler was a "suicide" while in British captivity because, had he been a defendant at the IMT, his situation would have been such that he would have told the true story (being fully informed and not in a position to shift responsibility to somebody else), and books such as the present book would not be necessary because the major material could be read in the IMT trial transcript. But then, you see, it was not within the bounds of political possibility that Himmler live to talk at the IMT."
- The National Socialist Party in Third Reich Germany: Himmler Talks with American journalist Lothrop Stoddard
- Text of Himmler's Secret Speech to Gauleiters, August 3, 1944, with commentary
- ↑ A Radical's Diary, Thursday, February 14, 2002 http://www.fpp.co.uk/docs/Irving/RadDi/2002/140202.html
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 Arthur R. Butz. The Hoax of the Twentieth Century - The Case Against the Presumed Extermination of European Jewry. 4th, corrected and expanded edition. Holocaust Handbooks. http://holocausthandbooks.com/index.php?page_id=7
- ↑ Contemporaries who denied what is now called 'THE Holocaust' https://rodoh.info/forum/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=2856#p101060
- ↑ The Victories of Revisionism (Part 2) https://codoh.com/library/document/4031/?lang=en
- ↑ Himmler never mentioned Holocaust to wife despite her dislike of Jews - letters https://www.rt.com/news/nazis-himmler-holocaust-letters-224/
- ↑ Keine Liquidierung http://www.codoh.com/library/document/200/
- ↑ Auschwitz Lies - Legends, Lies, and Prejudices on the Holocaust http://holocausthandbooks.com/index.php?page_id=18