- 842 - Charles the Bald and Louis the German swear the Oaths of Strasbourg in the French and German languages.
- 1349 - Approximately 2,000 Jews were burned to death by mobs or forcibly removed from the city of Strasbourg.
- 1743 - Henry Pelham becomes British Prime Minister.
- 1779 - James Cook was killed by Native Hawaiians near Kealakekua on the Island of Hawaii.
- 1900 - Second Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State.
- 1912 - Arizona is admitted to the Union.
- 1943 - World War II: Battle of the Kasserine Pass - German General Erwin Rommel and the Afrika Korps launch an offensive against Allied defenses in Tunisia.
- 1945 - On the second day of the Bombing of Dresden in World War II the British Royal Air Force and the United States Army Air Forces begin fire-bombing Dresden, the capital of the German state of Saxony.
- 1945 - Prague is bombed by the allies.
- 1949 - The Knesset (Israeli parliament) convenes for the first time.
- 1950 - Seditionist William Dudley Pelley is paroled from prison.
- 2015 - In Bulgaria is held Lukov March, in memory of General Hristo Lukov. In the capital of the country are gathering over 2 000 people.
- 1468 - Johann Werner, German mathematician (d. 1522)
- 1913 - Jimmy Hoffa, American labor union leader
- 1942 - Michael Bloomberg, Jewish politician
- 1947 - Judd Gregg, American politician, senior senator from New Hampshire
- 1400 - King Richard II of England (murdered) (b. 1367)
- 1779 - James Cook, British naval captain and explorer (b. 1728)
- 1780 - William Blackstone, English jurist (b. 1723)
- 1891 - William Tecumseh Sherman, Civil War General (b. 1820)
- 1927 - Fyodor Viktorovich Vinberg, Russian nationalist and journalist (b. 1868)
- 1974 - Edward Lodge Curran, "Father Coughlin of the East" (b. 1898)