False flag

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Logical fallacies and
propaganda methods
Ad hominem
Big lie
Black propaganda
Cherry picking
Confirmation bias
Continuum fallacy
False flag
Guilt by association
Lewontin's Fallacy
Name calling
Slippery slope
Straw man
The sociologist's fallacy

False flag is a covert operation designed to deceive; the deception creates the appearance of a particular party, group, or nation being responsible for some activity, disguising the actual source of responsibility.

The term "false flag" originally referred to pirate ships that flew flags of countries as a disguise to prevent their victims from fleeing or preparing for battle. Sometimes the flag would remain and the blame for the attack laid incorrectly on another country. The term today extends beyond naval encounters to include countries that organize attacks on themselves and make the attacks appear to be by enemy nations or terrorists, thus giving the nation that was supposedly attacked a pretext for domestic repression and foreign military aggression.

Operations carried out during peace-time by civilian organizations, as well as covert government agencies, can (by extension) also be called false flag operations if they seek to hide the real organization behind an operation.

Examples

State Actors

  • The Lavon Affair (Operation Susannah) was a failed Israeli covert operation conducted in Egypt in 1954 that attempted to frame the Muslim Brotherhood for a series of bombings in an attempt to draw the British government into retaining troops and power over the Suez Canal zone.[1]

Non-State Actors

References

  1. S. Teveth (1996). Ben-Gurion's spy: the story of the political scandal that shaped modern Israel. Columbia University Press. p. 81. ISBN 978-0-231-10464-7.

See also

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