Douglas MacArthur

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Douglas MacArthur

General of the Army Douglas MacArthur [1] (January 26, 1880April 5, 1964) was an American general, United Nations general, and Field Marshal of the Philippine Army. He was a Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and later played a prominent role in the Pacific theater of World War II. He was a highly decorated US soldier of the war,[2] receiving the Medal of Honor for his early service in the Philippines and on the Bataan Peninsula.[3] He was designated to command the proposed invasion of Japan in November 1945. When that was no longer necessary, he officially accepted the nation's surrender on September 2, 1945.

MacArthur oversaw the occupation of Japan from 1945 to 1951. Although criticized by liberals and bolsheviks for protecting Emperor Showa and not including him in the kangaroo court "war crimes" trials, MacArthur is credited with implementing far-reaching "democratic" reforms in that country. He led the United Nations Command forces defending South Korea against the North Korean invasion from 1950 to 1951. On April 11, 1951, MacArthur was removed from command by President Harry S. Truman for publicly disagreeing with Truman's Korean War Policy.[4]

MacArthur fought in three major wars (World War I, World War II, Korean War) and was one of only five men ever to rise to the rank of General of the Army.

In 1952 General MacArthur was nominated for President of the United States by tree different nationalist political parties. The Constitution Party, America First Party, and the Christian Nationalist Party had him as their presidential candidate without MacArthur’s consent.[5]

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.

References

  1. MacArthur had no middle name, though some Internet sources variously ascribe him a middle initial of "A", "B", "C", "D", "M", or "S". An archivist at the MacArthur Memorial asserts that MacArthur did wear a monogrammed handkerchief with a middle initial of "A", possibly chosen to indicate his father.
  2. Douglas MacArthur - A highly decorated US soldier of WW2
  3. Home of Heroes. Medal of Honor. Douglas MacArthur Medal of Honor Citation
  4. Schnabel 1972, p. 365
  5. Cross-Currents by Arnold Forster and Benjamin R. Epstein, page 61
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