Columbia University

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Columbia University in the City of New York
Motto In lumine Tuo videbimus lumen (Latin)
Motto in English In Thy light shall we see the light (Psalm 36:9)
Established 1754
Type Private
Endowment US$6.5 billion[1]
President Lee C. Bollinger
Academic staff 3,634[2]
Students 27,606[3]
Undergraduates 7,934[3]
Postgraduates 19,672[3]
Location New York, N.Y., US
Campus Total, 299 acres (1.23 km²)
Newspaper Columbia Daily Spectator
Colors Columbia blue and White         
Athletics NCAA Division I FCS, Ivy League
31 sports teams
Mascot Columbia Lions
Affiliations MAISA; AAU
ColumbiaU Wordmarklogo.svg

Columbia University is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. Columbia's main campus lies in the Morningside Heights neighborhood in the borough of Manhattan, in New York City. The university is now legally known as Columbia University in the City of New York. The institution was established as King's College by the Church of England, receiving a Royal Charter in 1754 from George II of Great Britain. It was the first college established in New York, and the fifth college established in the Thirteen Colonies. After the American Revolution it was briefly chartered as a New York State entity from 1784-1787, however the university now operates under a 1787 charter that places the institution under a private board of trustees.

Columbia University is home to the Pulitzer Prize, which has rewarded outstanding achievement in journalism, literature and music for over a century. Columbia's Graduate School of Journalism was founded by Joseph Pulitzer.

Eighty seven Nobel Prize winners have been affiliated with Columbia in some way, one of the highest counts in the world.

Columbia was the birthplace of FM radio, the first American university to offer historic preservation, anthropology and political science as academic disciplines, the first American school to grant the M.D. degree, and the birthplace of modern genetics. An early research center for Manhattan Project development of the atomic bomb, its Morningside Heights campus was the first North American site where the uranium atom was split. Literary and artistic movements as varied as the Harlem Renaissance, the Beat movement and postcolonialism all took shape at Columbia in the 20th century.

Columbia has had a long association with American political leaders. Among the earliest students and trustees of King's College were four "founding fathers" of the United States. U.S. Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin D. Roosevelt both studied law at Columbia, and Dwight D. Eisenhower was president of the University before making his White House bid. The presumed Democratic Party presidential nominee Barack Obama received his undergraduate degree at Columbia, as did current U.S. Attorney General Michael Mukasey, the current Governor of New York State David Paterson, and a number of current U.S. Senators and Representatives to Congress.


  1. As of 2010. "Columbia's Endowment Posts 17% Return". NYTimes. 2010-09-16. Retrieved 2010-09-16. 
  2. Office of Planning and Institutional Research (2011-03-25). Full-time faculty distribution by school/division, Fall 2000-Fall 2009. Columbia University. Retrieved on 2011-06-25.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Office of Planning and Institutional Research (2010-10-29). Fall full-time, part-time, and full-time equivalent enrollment by school, 2005-2010. Columbia University. Retrieved on 2010-12-29.
Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.
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