Collectivisation

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Collectivisation: its original meaning is to transform something to the property of a collective group. In bolshevisation procedure it means the forced elimination of private farms and creation of kolchoses, that means agricultural production facilities from them. In Hungary they started in 1948 in the whole country. The system forced the owners using administrative means to join the collective farms. For example they collected everything the peasants produced, payed minimal prices, also collected the grain to seed next year and the working animals like horses. Between 1948-1961 93% of agricultural land became collective property. First the owner remained on paper the owner, in 1967 the land automatically became state owned. Due to collectivisation and irreal high taxes peasants left the land in masses, and tried to live in cities. Because of this only in 1953 20% of the land remained unfarmed.

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