Basque people

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Basques
Euskaldunak
24 Basque people.jpg

1st row: Sancho III, Elcano, Loyola, Francis Xavier, Lope de Aguirre, Fausto Elhuyar
2nd row: Zumalacárregui, D'Abbadie, Gayarre, Sarasate, Pío Baroja, Balenciaga
3rd row: Oteiza, Cenarrusa, Chillida, Ibárruri, Garamendi, Atxaga
4th row: Eyharts, Indurain, Olazábal, Pasaban, Harinordoquy, Xabi Alonso

Total population
2.6 million in Spain and France
Regions with significant populations
 Spain 2,359,400[1]
       Basque Country 1,850,500[1]
               Álava 279,000
               Biscay 1,160,000
               Gipuzkoa 684,000
       Navarre 508,900[1]
 France 230,200[1]
          Labourd 225,000
          Lower Navarre 40,000
          Soule 20,000
Diaspora
 Argentina 3.5 million [2][3]
 Chile 1.7 - 3.4 million [4][5]

[6] [7] [8]

 Cuba 1.5 million [9]
 Brazil uncertain
 Mexico uncertain
 Philippines uncertain
 Colombia 60,000 [10]
 United States uncertain
 Uruguay uncertain
 Costa Rica 9,800 [11]
 Venezuela 5,500 [12]
 Bolivia uncertain
Languages

Basque - few monoglots
Spanish - 1,525,000 monoglots
French - 150,000 monoglots
Basque-Spanish - 600,000 speakers
Basque-French - 76,000 speakers[citation needed]

other native languages

Religion

Roman Catholic, Atheism, Agnosticism

The Basques are an ethnic group who inhabit parts of north-central Spain and southwestern France.

The name Basque derives from Medieval French and from the ancient tribe of the Vascones,[13] described by Ancient Greek historian Strabo as living south of the western Pyrenees and north of the Ebro River, in modern day Navarre and northern Aragon. This tribal name, of unknown etymology, was extended in late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages to cover all Basque-speaking people on either side of the Pyrenees.

Basques are now mainly found in an area traditionally known as Euskal Herria, which is located around the western end of the Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay.

Recent genetic studies have confirmed that many western Europeans, including the great majority of Spaniards, Portuguese, Britons, Irish and French, have a common ancestry with modern Basques that can be traced to inhabitants of the Basque areas of Spain and France based on Y-chromosome and mtDNA analysis.[14] The originators of these genes are thought to have traveled up the Atlantic Coast in the Upper Palaeolithic and the Mesolithic period.

See also

External links

Part of this article consists of modified text from Wikipedia, and the article is therefore licensed under GFDL.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 IV. Inkesta Soziolinguistikoa Gobierno Vasco, Servicio Central de Publicaciones del Gobierno Vasco 2008, ISBN 978-84-457-2775-1
  2. ::: Euskonews & Media ::: Kosmopolita ::: Los nuevos vascos (I de II). Euskonews.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  3. La inmigración vasca en la Argentina. Juandegaray.org.ar. Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  4. Mikel Soro/ (1997-12-01). Diariovasco. Diariovasco.. Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  5. entrevista al Presidente de la Cámara vasca. Deia.com (2008-05-22). Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  6. vascos Ainara Madariaga: Autora del estudio "Imaginarios vascos desde Chile La construcción de imaginarios vascos en Chile durante el siglo XX".
  7. Basques au Chili. Euskonews.com. Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  8. Contacto Interlingüístico e intercultural en el mundo hispano. Instituto valenciano de lenguas y culturas, University of Valencia, citation: "Un 20% de la población chilena tiene su origen en el País Vasco".
  9. Vascos en Cuba (PDF). Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  10. Vascos en Colombia (PDF). Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  11. Joshua Project. Ethnic groups - Costa Rica. Joshuaproject.net. Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  12. Joshua Project. Ethnic groups - Venezuela. Joshuaproject.net. Retrieved on 2010-08-22.
  13. Definition of Basque (Merriam-Webster Online)
  14. Stephen Oppenheimer
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