1905 1906 1907 - 1908 - 1909 1910 1911
| Decades: |
1870s 1880s 1890s - 1900s - 1910s 1920s 1930s
Events of 1908
- January 1
- January 11 - Grand Canyon National Monument is designated (becomes a National Park in February 1919).
- January 12 - A long-distance radio message is sent from the Eiffel Tower for the first time.
- January 13 - 170 people were trapped in the Rhoads Opera House in Boyertown Pennsylvania, and burned to death. The tragedy would be a catalyst for stricter fire safety laws nationwide.
- January 15 - Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, the first Greek-letter organization by and for black college women is established.
- January 21 - New York City passes a law, the Sullivan Ordinance, making it illegal for women to smoke in public, only to be vetoed by the mayor.
- January 24 - Robert Baden-Powell begins the Boy Scout movement.
- February 1 - King Carlos I of Portugal and Infante Luis Filipe are shot dead in Lisbon.
- February 3 - Greek multisport club Panathinaikos was founded.
- February 11 - Australia regains The Ashes with a 308 run cricket victory over England.
- February 12 - Start of the first around-the-world car race, from New York to Paris.
- February 18 - Japanese immigration to the USA is forbidden.
- February 25 - Los Angeles. The Bible Institute of Los Angeles (now Biola University) founded.
- March 4 - The Collinwood School Fire, Collinwood near Cleveland, Ohio, kills 174 people.
- March 7 - The University of British Columbia is established by the British Columbia University Act.
- March 9 - Milan, Italy. Internazionale Football Club founded in Milan
- March 21 - Frenchman Henri Farman pilots the first passenger flight.
- March 25 - Belo Horizonte, Brazil: Clube Atlético Mineiro founded in Minas Gerais, today one of biggest clubs in Brazil
- March 27 - First overseas Scout Troop formed in Gibraltar.
- April 19 - The Garfield Park Conservatory in Chicago, designed by Jens Jensen, opens to the public for the first time.
- April 20 - Sunshine train disaster in Melbourne,Australia. Two trains collide killing 44 people and injuring more than 400 (over 100 seriously).
- April 21 - Frederick Cook's claimed date to have reached North Pole
- April 24 - The seventh deadliest tornado in U.S. history strikes the towns of Amite, Louisiana, Pine, Louisiana and Purvis, Mississippi, killing 143 people and injuring 770.
- April 27 - The opening ceremony of the London Olympics is held.
- May 10 - Mother's Day is observed for the first time (Andrew's Methodist Church in Grafton, West Virginia).
- May 24 - Empire Day is accepted as the traditional formation date of the 1st Arundel (Earl of Arundel's) Own Scout Group, although Scouting was probably active in Arundel prior to this date.
- May 26 - At Masjid-al-Salaman in southwest Persia, the first major commercial oil discovery in the Middle East is made. The rights to the resource are quickly acquired by the United Kingdom.
- June 20 - The Georgia Tech Alumni Association is chartered in Atlanta, GA
- June 30 - The Tunguska event, also known as the "Russian explosion" occurs near the Podkamennaya Tunguska River in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Siberia, Russian Empire.
- July 3 - Young Turks start revolution in the Ottoman Empire, and force sultan Abdul Hamid II to adhere to the constitution of 1876.
- July 6 - Robert Peary sets sail for the Arctic North Pole.
- July 11-12 night - Explosion of a ship Amalthea in the Malmö harbor in Sweden, housing 80 British strikebreakers. 1 dead, 20 injured.
- July 19 - Feyenoord Rotterdam was founded.
- July 22 - Albert Fisher establishes the Fisher Body Company to manufacture carriage and automobile bodies.
- July 24 - Dorando Pietri wins the Olympic marathon in London in one of the most dramatic arrivals of the Olympic history, only to be disqualified soon afterwards.
- July 26 - United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).
- July 27 - The fourth (IV) Modern Olympic Games opens in London, England.
- August 24 - After an intense power struggle, Abd al-Aziz IV, sultan of Morocco is deposed and is succeeded by his brother Abd al-Hafiz. (Date of proclamation)
- August 31 - Charter granted for Wayland Literary and Technical Institute in Plainview, Texas, now Wayland Baptist University.
- September 8 - Danish minister of Justice, Peter Adler Alberti, is revealed to be an embezzler
- September 17 - Thomas Selfridge becomes the first person to die in an aeroplane crash at Ft Myer, Virginia. The plane was flown by Orville Wright who was also severely injured in the crash but recovered.
- September 23 - The University of Alberta is founded in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada.
- September 27 - Henry Ford produces his first Model T automobile.
- October 1 - Ford Motor Company introduces the Model T.
- October 5 - Bulgaria declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire - Ferdinand I of Bulgaria becomes Tsar
- October 6 - The Bosnian Crisis begins after the Austro-Hungarian Empire annexed Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- October 14 - The Chicago Cubs win the World Series by defeating the Detroit Tigers 2–0 in the fifth game, their second World Championship win in a row and the most recent championship the team has won.
- November 3 - William Howard Taft defeats William Jennings Bryan in the U.S. presidential election
- November 6 - Western bandits Butch Cassidy and The Sundance Kid are supposedly killed in Bolivia, after being surrounded by a large group of soldiers. There are many rumors to the contrary however, and their grave sites are unmarked.
- November 13 - Andrew Fisher becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Australia.
- November 14 - Elizabeth Garrett Anderson is the first woman in England to be elected mayor (of Aldeburgh)
- November 24 - The first credit union in the United States begins operation in Manchester, NH.
- November 29 - Iraklis Thessaloniki, the historic Greek sports club is founded, named after the mythical Greek hero Hercules.
- December 2 - Child Emperor Pu Yi ascends the Chinese throne at the age of two.
- December 5 - Sunderland F.C. set a record for an away victory when they humiliate local rivals Newcastle United 9–1 at St. James Park.
- December 28 - A 7 Richter scale earthquake destroys Messina, Sicily and rocks Calabria killing over 75,000 people.
- June 12 - Otto Skorzeny, famous WWII German SS commando (d. 1975)
- June 26 - Salvador Allende, former President of Chile (d. 1973)
- November 14 - Joseph McCarthy, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin (d. 1957)