1892 1893 1894 - 1895 - 1896 1897 1898
| Decades: |
1860s 1870s 1880s - 1890s - 1900s 1910s 1920s
Events of 1895
- January 5 – Dreyfus Affair: French officer Alfred Dreyfus is stripped of his army rank and sentenced to life imprisonment on Devil's Island.
- January 21 – The National Trust is founded in Britain by Octavia Hill, Robert Hunter and Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley.
- February 9 – Mintonette, later known as volleyball, is created by William G. Morgan at Holyoke, Massachusetts.
- February 11 – The lowest ever UK temperature of -27.2°C (measured as -17°F) is recorded at Braemar in Aberdeenshire. This record is equalled in 1982 and again in 1995.
- February 14 – Oscar Wilde's last play The Importance of Being Earnest is first shown at St. James' Theatre in London.
- March 1 – William L. Wilson is appointed United States Postmaster General.
- March 3 – In Munich, bicyclists have to pass a test and display license plates.
- March 4 – Japanese troops capture Liaoyang and land in Taiwan.
- March 15 – in County Tipperary, Ireland, Bridget Cleary is killed by her husband, believing her to be a fairy changeling.
- April 6 – Oscar Wilde is arrested after losing a libel case against the Marquess of Queensberry.
- April 14 – A major earthquake severely damages Ljubljana, Slovenia.
- April 16 – The town of Sturgeon Falls, Ontario, is incorporated.
- April 17 – The Treaty of Shimonoseki is signed between China and Japan. This marks the end of the first Sino-Japanese War, and the defeated Qing Empire is forced to renounce its claims on Korea and to concede the southern portion of Fengtien province, Taiwan, and the Pescadores Islands to Japan.
- April 22 – Gongche Shangshu movement: 603 candidates sign a 10,000-word petition against the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
- May 2 – Gongche Shangshu movement: Thousands of Beijing scholars and citizens protest against the Treaty of Shimonoseki.
- May 24 – Anti-Japanese officials led by Tang Ching-sung in Taiwan declare independence from the Qing Dynasty, forming the short-lived Republic of Formosa.
- May 25 – Oscar Wilde is convicted of "sodomy and gross indecency" and is sentenced to serve 2 years in prison at Reading.
- May 27 – In re Debs: The Supreme Court of the United States decides that the federal government has the right to regulate interstate commerce, legalizing the military suppression of the Pullman Strike.
- June 28 – The union of Nicaragua, Honduras and El Salvador begins (ends in 1898).
- Night of July 10/11 – The Doukhobors' pacifist protests culminate in the "Burning of the Arms" in their villages in the South Caucasus.
- July 15 – Archie MacLaren scores County Championship cricket record innings of 424 for Lancashire against Somerset at Taunton.
- July 31 – The Basque Nationalist Party (Euzko Alderdi Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco) was founded by Basque nationalist leader Sabino Arana.
- August 19 – American frontier murderer and outlaw John Wesley Hardin is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
- August 29 – The Northern Rugby Football Union (now Rugby Football League) is formed at a meeting in the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England. This event leads to the creation of the sport of rugby league football.
- September 3 – The first professional American football game is played, in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, between the Latrobe YMCA and the Jeannette Athletic Club (Latrobe wins 12–0).
- September 7 – The first game of what would become known as rugby league football is played, in England, starting the 1895-96 Northern Rugby Football Union season.
- September 18 – Booker T. Washington delivers the Atlanta Compromise speech.
- September 18 – Tomoji Tanabe is born in Miyakonojo, Miyazaki Prefecture, Japan. He would become the last living man born in 1895. Tanabe died on June 19, 2009, at the age of 113.
- October – Rudyard Kipling publishes the story Mowgli Leaves the Jungle Forever in The Cosmopolitan illustrated magazine (price 10 cents).
- October 1 – French troops capture Antananarivo in Madagascar.
- October 8 – Empress Myung-sung, the national mother of korea, is killed by Japan.
- October 22 – A train wreck occurs at Montparnasse Station in Paris.
- October 23 – The city of Tainan, last stronghold of the Republic of Formosa, capitulates to the forces of the Empire of Japan, ending the short-lived republic and beginning the Japanese rule era.
- October 31 – A major earthquake occurs in the New Madrid Seismic Zone, the last to date.
- November 5 – George B. Selden is granted the first U.S. patent for an automobile.
- November 8 – Wilhelm Röntgen discovers a type of radiation later known as X-rays.
- November 25 – Oscar Hammerstein opens the Olympia Theatre, the first theatre to be built in NYC's Times Square district.
- November 27 – At the Swedish-Norwegian Club in Paris, Alfred Nobel signs his last will and testament, setting aside his estate to establish the Nobel Prize after his death.
- December 7 – A corps of 2,500 Italian troops, mostly Ascari, are crushed by 30,000 Abyssian troops at Amba Alagi.
- December 24 – George Washington Vanderbilt II officially opens his "Biltmore House" estate on Christmas Eve, inviting his family to celebrate his new home in Asheville, NC.
- December 24 – Kingstown Lifeboat Disaster- 15 lifeboat crew are lost when their lifeboat capsizes while trying to rescue the crew of the SS Palme off Kingstown, now Dún Laoighaire, near Dublin, Ireland.
- December 28 – Auguste and Louis Lumière display their first moving picture film in Paris.
- January 1 - J. Edgar Hoover, American FBI director (d. 1972)
- January 30 - Wilhelm Gustloff, National Socialist martyr (d. 1936)
- March 11 - Douglas Reed, British journalist and author of The Controversy of Zion (d. 1976)
- July 14 - Walther Darre, National Socialist German Minister of Agriculture (d. 1953)
- October 21 - Allen Zoll, founder of American Patriots and the Christian Front (d. 1969)
- December 14 - King George VI of the United Kingdom (d. 1952)
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