1891 1892 1893 - 1894 - 1895 1896 1897
| Decades: |
1860s 1870s 1880s - 1890s - 1900s 1910s 1920s
Events of 1894
- January 7 – William Kennedy Dickson receives a patent for motion picture film.
- January 9 – New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts.
- February 12 – French anarchist Émile Henry set off a bomb in a Parisian cafe, killing one person and wounding twenty.
- February 13 – The Het Gezelschap "Practische Studie", a study association of civil engineering, is founded at the Technical University of Delft, the Netherlands.
- February 15 – At 04:51 GMT, French anarchist Martial Bourdin attempts to destroy the Royal Greenwich Observatory, London, England with a bomb.
- March 1 – Thomas McGreevy, Canadian politician and contractor, is released from prison after serving time for defrauding the government.
- March 4 – First Sino-Japanese War: A great fire in Shanghai destroys over 1,000 buildings.
- March 12 – For the first time, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles.
- March 21 – A syzygy of planets occurs as Mercury transits the Sun as seen from Venus, and Mercury and Venus both transit the Sun as seen from Saturn. But no two of the transits are simultaneous.
- March 25 – Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, departs from Massillon, Ohio for Washington D.C.
- April 16 – Manchester City Football Club is formed.
- May – The bubonic plague breaks out in the Tai Ping Shan area of Hong Kong (by the end of the year, the death toll is 2,552 people).
- May 1
- May 11 – Pullman Strike: Three thousand Pullman Palace Car Company workers go on a "wildcat" (without union approval) strike in Illinois.
- May 14
- May 21 – The Manchester Ship Canal and Docks are opened by Queen Victoria.
- June 22 – Dahomey becomes a French colony.
- June 23 – The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
- June 24 – Sadi Carnot, president of France, is assassinated.
- June 30 – The Tower Bridge in London opens for traffic.
- July – A fire at the site of the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago destroys most of the remaining buildings.
- July 4 – The short-lived Republic of Hawaii is proclaimed by Sanford B. Dole.
- August 1 – War is declared between the Qing Empire of China and the Empire of Japan, over their rival claims of influence on their common ally, the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. The event marks the start of the first Sino-Japanese War.
- August 15 – Sante Geronimo Caserio is executed for the assassination of Marie François Sadi Carnot.
- September 1 – Great Hinckley Fire: A forest fire in Hinckley, Minnesota kills more than 450 people.
- September 4 – In New York City, 12,000 tailors strike against sweatshop working conditions.
- October 1 – The Owl Club of Cape Town, South Africa has its first formal meeting.
- October 15 – Dreyfus affair: French Army officer Alfred Dreyfus is arrested for spying.
- October 30 – Domenico Menegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in producing pandoro industrially.
- November 1 – Russian Tsar Alexander III is succeeded by his son Nicholas II.
- November 7 – The Masonic Grand Lodge de France is founded, splitting from the larger and older Grand Orient de France.
- November 5 – West Palm Beach, Florida is incorporated as a city.
- December 18 – Women in South Australia become the first in Australia to gain the right to vote and to be elected to Parliament.
- December 21 – Mackenzie Bowell becomes Canada's fifth prime minister.
- December 22 – Dreyfus Affair: French Army officer Alfred Dreyfus is convicted of treason.
- February 27 - Upton Close - Far East author and radio commentator (d. 1960)
- April 19 - Elizabeth Dilling, Anti-communist writer and defendant in the Great Sedition Trial of 1944 (d. 1966)
- April 26 - Rudolf Hess, Hitler's deputy leader, Prisoner of Peace (d. 1987)
- June 28 - Joseph Brown Matthews, fellow traveler and later anti-communist investigator and journalist (d. 1966)
- July 26 - Aldous Huxley, English-born author (d. 1963)